The medical community was stunned at the news that Timothy Brown, an American man living in Germany, had been cured of HIV. Diagnosed with HIV in 1995, Brown had been on a strict regimen of antiretrovirals, which kept the virus under control. In 2006, he was diagnosed with leukemia, and after multiple rounds of chemo, radiation, and an experimental stem cell treatment, using blood donations from a patient with a particular natural genetic mutation, by his doctors in Berlin, the virus is completely undetectable in Brown. He, essentially, has been cured.
While this type of treatment is not a viable option for other HIV patients who are otherwise healthy (it seems the treatment is only applicable with the presence of both HIV and cancer, as in Brown’s case), it is certainly a step in the right direction.